Chillida, Eduardo Hon. RA (1924-2002)
Chillida was a Spanish sculptor born in San Sebastian in the Basque country. He initially studied architecture but soon dropped out. In 1947 he joined an art academy in Madrid, focusing on working with gypsum and clay. His sculpture was well received, reflecting his views on sculptural art, with space being the focus of attention. Alongside numerous international exhibitions, Chillida’s work was presented at several ‘documenta’ exhibitions and biennales. In 1958 he was awarded the Grand Prize for sculpture at the Venice Biennale, followed 2 years later by the Kandinsky Prize. In 1980 the New York Guggenheim Museum showed a retrospective of his oeuvre. The homogeneous concrete material and division into figure shapes is characteristic of his sculptural work.